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Building a fire is different from lighting a fire. When you manage to light a fire, it is essential to keep it going so that you can build a fire. Having a fire is crucial especially when you’re in the wilderness or outdoors with no heat source. It is also for safety purposes because fire helps to keep animals away. In fact, there are a few ways you can ignite fire. This can be done with the use of one item or a combination of multiple items. For example, common tools to ignite a spark include sticks, magnifying glass, a combination of battery and steel wool, and a dead lighter. Here are some guidelines on how to build a fire.

Before you work hard on igniting that spark, first prepare tinder. This is the material that catches the initial flame and transfers it to the kindling. If possible, avoid using damp kindling. However, the kindling will dry out when the tinder is burnt long enough. To create tinder in powder form, you can use dry stick and bark pieces. Some of the other items you can use are paper, lint, wax, dry grass, moss, and dry needles from coniferous trees.  Place the kindling in a large surface. After kindling ahs been gathered, move on to gather fuel. Fuel allows the fire to burn steadily for a longer period of time. Sources of fuel include animal dung, coal, peat and dry wood. When the fire is established, you can also opt to use wet fuel. It will burn slower than fry fuel. Remember that hardwood burn for a longer period of time, and emits more heat compared to softwood.

Build a Fire How to Build a Fire

The next step is to clear a circular area and build the area using a ring of rocks. T\you can further insulate the fire by building a ring of stones. If you are building on a wet surface, cover the earth with green logs and a layer of stones. You should also place a bucket of water just in case the fire gets out of control. To arrange the tinder and kindling appropriately, you can either build a tepee (cone shape), log cabin (layers in alternating direction), pyramid, lean-to, cross-ditch, or most popularly, star shape. You can find out more about these shapes via various sources.

Surviving in wilderness requires quick thinking and logic perception. Building a fire is one of the most basic survival skills that everyone should master. These steps on how to build a fire are meant as general guidelines. To further understand, you should give it a try.

Fiberglass is a very flexible material because it can be used to create a variety of shapes for multiple purposes. This is an excellent material to consider if you want to replicate shapes of certain items. When you need a specific color and size of box and it’s not available, your other option is to use fiberglass to construct the desired box. Naturally, you will feel satisfied for being able to produce such product. The only downside is that though this project is simple, it may take time. You can also use the box as storage space for outdoors due to its sturdy and tough nature. Some of the items you’ll need include fiberglass mats and strips, resin, sandpaper, foam, measuring tape, and paint.

Here are some tips on how to build a fiberglass box. Firstly, draw and design the layout of the box. The dimensions should be accurate and other than pen and paper, you can also use 3D graphic software for better view. Using foam, you need to shape the box accordingly. Bear in mind that the edges should be in perfect degree.

Fiberglass Box How to Build a Fiberglass Box

The mold should have straight edges. Once the mold is formed, you can now apply approximately three coats of paint. This is an important step because very often, the paint does not blend beautifully with body filler. The paint acts as a barrier and you can later finalize the shape of the filler after it has dried up.

The mold should be filed according to the box size, and the surface should be smooth. You can use any kind of paint to brush the filler, and then use a sandpaper to smooth its surface. The resin-coated fiberglass can now be placed above the mold. Be careful to avoid formation of wrinkles, pits or defects. There should be no flaw because it will affect the overall appearance of the whole box. It will also be tougher to sand the surface later. Use an appropriate sandpaper to prevent the formation of scratches. Ensure that the waste is also removed.

Fiberglass Box 1 How to Build a Fiberglass Box

The next step requires gentleness. Remove the mold carefully. If it’s difficult, break off the mold lightly and slowly.  To give your new box a good finishing, mix a coloring agent to the paint and use resin on the box.

These are general guidelines on how to build a fiberglass box. Your new and beautiful box will last a long time if used well.

Staying indoors is hardly an option when the weather gets hot and muggy. It’s much better to shoot the breeze with friends and family outside on your deck. An awning will shield you from the worst of the sun, and keeps you dry from inclement weather as well. What most people don’t realize is that knowing how to build an awning is actually much easier than it appears. There’s no need to shell out big bucks to build a simple shade!

A simple awning that extends from the side of a house can be made with canvas or plastic. If your budget is a real concern, then tarp is a cheaper alternative. Other materials you will need in order to save yourself a few thousand dollars include grommets, extendable tent poles, screw hooks, key rings, nylon thread and rope, a sewing machine or a large needle, and an electric drill.

Awning How to Build an Awning

The first part of how to build an awning is to determine the area you want it to cover. You should measure out this area on the ground and use this measurement to purchase your shade material (canvas, plastic or tarp). The shade material you buy should measure slightly larger than the covered area in order to provide allowance for hemming.

Hemming the shade material prevents it from fraying and enables the awning to last longer. Fold in each edge of the material about an inch and sew the hem with a straight running stitch. Nylon thread should be used because it too is more durable and resistant to weather conditions than cotton thread. A grommet is to be installed at each corner of the shade material after its edges have been hemmed.

The distance between the grommets on the side of the awning that is to be attached to your house are used to determine where the pilot holes should be drilled before the screw hooks are inserted. Pilot holes are important to stop the wooden siding of your house from splitting and aid accurate insertion of the screws. Use key rings, one through each grommet, to attach them to the screw hooks affixed to the house.

To determine where to situate each tent pole, stretch the shade material out and mark the spots. Tent poles can be fixed to the ground or rest on top of it on flat ends. After the poles have been set up, the shade material is attached by hooking one pole to the grommets on each remaining corner. The remainder that needs to be done when you learn how to build an awning is to tether it. Two sections of nylon rope are tied to each grommet fastened to a pole. One section is pulled to the front and staked to the ground, while the second section is staked to the ground at right angles to the first section of rope.

One thing you need to have when you work on these projects, and are required for most of the projects you are reading about here, is a work bench!

This is a great item to have to collect all your tools and materials around your shop. You can work smarter and not harder with a well designed work bench.

Required Tools/Materials

  • 1″ plywood
  • 4×4″ post stock
  • 2×4″ framing stock
  • nails
  • screws
  • hammer/nail gun
  • drill with screw bit and assorted bits
  • circular saw
  • carpentry glue
  • miter box
  • tape measure
  • pencil/paper
  • clamps

Workbench 1 How to Build a Workbench

Instructions

  • Layout – Start by laying out the height, width, and length of the bench. This can vary according to space available. Cut your leg posts from the 4×4″ post stock, allowing 1″ for the bench top. If the bench is going to stay in position, check the levelness of the floor – now is the time to make sure the bench will be stable.
  • Bench Supports – The width of the bench can be anything. Remember, however, that you want a width that you can easily reach across without reaching too close to tool hazards. Also consider that you might be leaning forward and reaching up for a tool on a pegboard. Cut and miter to length 2×4″ stock for the side bench supports. Try to keep these supports between the post legs by countersinking toenail holes into the 2×4″ supports and the post leg. Cut 2×4″ stock to form the bench’s top frame and then cut 45-degree blocking to be placed at the corners of the frame top and legs. Leave the front of the bench open for stock storage.

Workbench How to Build a Workbench

  • Attach Top – Cut the top length and width to taste. Pre-drill screw holes and screws the top to the frame. Remember that this piece of the bench may be replaced as the bench becomes worn and used.
  • Accessories – One of the good things about a woodwork bench is that you can customize it to your particular working habits or hobby requirements. Drawers are a good example. Since you left space in front of the bench, it will be easy to install custom drawers. If you tend to use drill bits quite a lot, try drilling some holes into the bench top or a piece of strapping within the drawer to create a place to store them.

A toy box is a storage container that is a necessity when you have children. It can be decorative or simply serviceable.

Required Materials

  • 4×8′ sheet of plywood
  • 12′ length of corner molding
  • 24′ flat molding
  • 2 security hinges
  • 1″ wood screws
  • 1″x2″ board
  • wood putty

Required Tools

  • table saw
  • drill
  • Phillips drill bit
  • sand paper
  • router
  • round router edge blade
  • miter saw

 How to Build a Toy Box

Instructions

  • Body – Start with the basics: take six pieces of plywood and cut four of them to 4×2′, and two of them to 2′x2′. Once this is done, use corner molding to secure each corner of two of the larger plywood pieces together. Secure smaller pieces on the opposite side of the corner molding to make a box. Miter the edges and secure the top of each side of the box with countersunk screws. Cut off and sand any excess metal from the inside of the box and then cut two lengths of 1×2″ board. Measure 1′ into the long side of the box from each side and mark this point. Using 3″ wood screws, secure 1×2′ stock to the outside of the plywood at the edge that does not yet have any molding on it. Miter the edges of the flat molding and secure the piece to the bottom of the box in the same manner as the top. Place the third 2×4′ piece of plywood inside the box and screw it to the cross members that support the floor.
  • Lid Frame – Cut and miter the edges of the remaining 1x2s to form a square that is 2×4′. Glue the corners and clamp them in place. Allow them to dry and then use a corner fastener to hold them in place.

Toy Box 1 How to Build a Toy Box

  • Attaching the Lid – Mark dots centered left to right on the top of the body of the toy box and the lid frame. Lay the body of the box on its back side. Attach security hinges to the inside of the box. Turn the box upright and place the lid frame on top. Open the hinge and mark the placement of the screws on the frame, then secure the frame to the hinges. Place the remaining piece of 2×4′ plywood on one edge of the lid frame and secure it using 1″ screws countersunk into the wood. Fill the countersunk holes with wood putty and allow them to dry. Sand and smooth the filled-in areas. Finally, paint, stain or decorate to taste.

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